Extremity Injections

What are Cortisone Steroid Injections?

Cortisone steroid injections and aspirations are common procedures used to treat various musculoskeletal conditions affecting the extremities, including the arms, legs, hands, and feet. These procedures involve injecting a corticosteroid medication directly into the affected joint or soft tissue to reduce inflammation and alleviate pain. Aspirations involve removing excess fluid or tissue from the joint to relieve pressure and improve mobility.

How Do Cortisone Steroid Injections Work?

Cortisone, or corticosteroids, are powerful anti-inflammatory medications that can help reduce pain and inflammation in the affected area. When injected directly into a joint or soft tissue, cortisone works by suppressing the immune response and decreasing the production of inflammatory substances, providing relief from pain and swelling.

Conditions Treated with Cortisone Steroid Injections and Aspirations

Cortisone injections and aspirations are commonly used to treat a variety of conditions affecting the extremities (hip/knee/ankle, shoulder/elbow, wrist) including:

  • Osteoarthritis: Cortisone injections can help reduce pain and inflammation associated with osteoarthritis in joints such as the knees, hips, shoulders, and hands.
  • Rheumatoid Arthritis: These injections can also provide relief for individuals with rheumatoid arthritis, reducing inflammation and improving joint function.
  • Tendonitis: Cortisone injections can help reduce inflammation and pain associated with tendonitis in the elbows (tennis elbow, golfer’s elbow), wrists, knees, and ankles.
  • Bursitis: Injections can alleviate pain and inflammation in bursae located throughout the body, such as the shoulder (subacromial bursitis), hip, knee, and elbow.
  • Trigger Finger: Cortisone injections can help reduce swelling and stiffness in the fingers, providing relief for individuals with trigger finger or trigger thumb.
  • Plantar Fasciitis: Injections can relieve pain and inflammation in the plantar fascia, the band of tissue on the bottom of the foot, commonly affected by plantar fasciitis.

Benefits of Cortisone Steroid Injections and Aspirations

  • Pain Relief: Many patients experience significant pain relief following cortisone injections or aspirations, allowing them to resume normal activities.
  • Reduced Inflammation: Cortisone helps reduce inflammation, swelling, and stiffness in the affected area, improving mobility and function.
  • Minimally Invasive:  These procedures are minimally invasive and can often be performed in a doctor’s office or outpatient setting.
  • Customized Treatment: The dosage and frequency of cortisone injections can be tailored to each individual’s needs, providing personalized pain relief.


Cortisone steroid injections and aspirations are effective treatments for relieving pain and inflammation in the extremities caused by various musculoskeletal conditions. If you suffer from joint pain, stiffness, or swelling, talk to your healthcare provider to see if cortisone injections or aspirations may be right for you.

For more information or to schedule a consultation, please contact us today.